What is a mixture?
A mixture is a combination of two or more than two elements that are physically combined together. A mixture is not chemically combined together. A mixture can be of two types; homogeneous and heterogeneous mixture.
Properties of mixture
Some of the properties of the mixture are as follows:
- The substances in a mixture are not chemically combined but are physically combined.
- The separation of the substances can be done easily in a mixture.
- All three states of matter can be combined to form a mixture.
- Mixtures are of two types; homogeneous and heterogeneous mixture.
- There is no change in energy during the making of the mixture.
Types of mixtures
There are mainly two types of mixtures, homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures. Let us study how these mixtures differ from each other.
A homogeneous mixture is a mixture in which the substances dissolved are distributed uniformly and the composition is uniform too. In simple words, we can say that a homogeneous mixture is dissolved completely.
Properties of homogeneous mixtures:
- It has the same uniform appearance.
- The particles in this mixture are very small and cannot be seen easily.
- The mixture is dissolved completely.
- Only one state of matter is observed in this mixture at a time.
- Salt and water solution is an example of this mixture..
Examples of homogeneous mixtures:
The following are some of the examples of a homogeneous mixture.
- Cement is a mixture of sand, gravel, and water.
- Blood plasma
- Wines and liquors
- Sugar water
- Dishwashing detergent
- Nitrous oxide
A heterogeneous mixture is the one in which the substances are not distributed uniformly and the composition is also not uniform which means you can easily differentiate between the substances.
Properties of heterogeneous mixtures
- It does not have a uniform appearance.
- The particles in the mixture are easily visible.
- The mixture is not dissolved and hence it cannot be called a solution.
- Different phases of matter can be seen in this mixture.
- Cereals in milk is an example of a heterogeneous mixture.
Examples of heterogeneous mixtures:
These are the examples of heterogeneous examples.
- Egg fried rice
- Pizza with toppings
- Rocks in sand
- Custard with fruits and jellies
- Vinegar and oil
- Sand in water
- Cereals in milk
- Vegetable soup
- Baking soda and vinegar
A solution is a type of homogeneous mixture that is formed by combining two or more than two substances. In a solution, one or more than one solute is dissolved in a solvent. A solute in a solution is present in the lesser amount whereas the solvent is present in the greater amount. A solute or a solvent both can be solid, liquid, or gas. A solution is homogeneous and stable.
The substance in a solution that gets dissolved in the solvent is known as the solute. The boiling point of the solute is higher than that of the solvent. It may be a solid, gas, or liquid and is always present in a lesser amount than the solvent. In an example of a solution that is the seawater, the salt is the solute and the sea is the solvent. In the same way, sugar is an example of solute in the sugar and water solution.
The substance in a solution that dissolves the solute in itself is known as the solvent. The solvent is mostly found in the liquid state but can be gaseous as well. The boiling point of the solvent is lesser than that of solute. It is present in a greater amount than the solute in a solution. Water is the most common type of solvent that dissolves all the three states of matter in it easily, and for this reason, it is also known as the universal solvent. The solvent gets evaporated easily.
These are some of the examples of solutions.
- Seawater is an example of a solution in which salt is the solute and water is the solvent.
- In carbon dioxide in water, carbon dioxide is the solute and the water is the solvent.
- In the example of air, nitrogen is the solvent whereas the oxygen, argon, carbon dioxide, and the other gases are the solute.
In this article, we studied everything about mixtures and solutions. A mixture is basically a combination in which two or more substances are combined. A solution is mainly of two types that are homogeneous mixtures and heterogeneous mixtures.
A solution is a homogeneous mixture of solute and a solvent. A solute is a substance that gets dissolved in a solvent whereas the solvent is the substance that dissolves a solute in itself.